Screen-printing, or serigraph, previously known as silk screening, is a printmaking technique that traditionally creates a sharp-edged image using a stencil and a porous fabric. A screen-print or serigraph is an image created using this technique. It is related to resist dyeing on cloth.
It began as an industrial technology, and was adopted by American graphic artists in the 1930s; the Pop Art movement of the 1960s further popularized the technique. Many of Andy Warhol’s most famous works, including his Campbell’s Soup Cans, were created using the technique.
It is currently popular both in fine arts and in commercial printing, where it is commonly used to put images on T-shirts, hats, ceramics, glass, polyethylene, polypropylene, paper, metals, and wood.
There are four different screen print processes: